*This article may have affiliate links, which means we may receive commissions if you choose to purchase through links we provide (at no extra cost to you). For more details, please read our privacy policy/affiliate disclosure. Thank you for supporting the work we put into this blog!

symp­toms of depres­sion l in chil­dren l in teens l the great 

Depres­sion, like many oth­er health prob­lems, is a type of men­tal dis­or­der that is also an equal-oppor­tu­ni­ty ill­ness. Whether a child, teenag­er, adult, or senior adult, any­one of any age, can get afflict­ed by it. Accord­ing to the World Health Orga­ni­za­tion (WHO), more than two hun­dred and six­ty-four mil­lion peo­ple of all ages glob­al­ly expe­ri­ence depres­sion. If you belong to greater than 14.8 mil­lion pop­u­la­tion of Amer­i­can adults that suf­fer from depres­sion. Your con­di­tion may be so dis­tress­ing that you are unable to get out of your bed, be with the peo­ple you adore or per­form the activ­i­ties that you nor­mal­ly like. Real­is­ti­cal­ly, there occur many dif­fer­ent symp­toms of depres­sion. Includ­ing the wide­ly known – sad­ness and cry­ing- to some of those that may not relate to depres­sion, like anger, back pain, and worka­holism.

Depres­sion is an ill­ness that affects not only mood but each aspect of an individual’s life, says an expert of Johns Hop­kins, Andrew Angeli­no. One of the pre­dic­tions by WHO is that depres­sion would be the lead­ing rea­son behind dis­abil­i­ty world­wide after car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease by 2020. Peo­ple who suf­fer from depres­sion are much more prone to expe­ri­ence addi­tion­al chron­ic med­ical prob­lems, which include car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease, arthri­tis, back issues, raised blood pres­sure, and dia­betes, and also with worse out­comes. More­over, an untreat­ed depres­sion fur­ther affects the immune response towards some vac­cines in an indi­vid­ual. How­ev­er, depres­sion isn’t only debil­i­tat­ing, but it can also turn dead­ly. Accord­ing to an esti­ma­tion, 1 out of 5 peo­ple expe­ri­enc­ing depres­sion can try sui­cide at any point in life.

Causes

Depres­sion isn’t just a mood that can be got­ten over. As Angeli­no says, it is an ill­ness that involves the brain’s inca­pa­bil­i­ty for reg­is­ter­ing plea­sur­able activ­i­ties. The MRI stud­ies of peo­ple suf­fer­ing from depres­sion show changes in var­i­ous seg­ments of the brain, which are respon­si­ble for play­ing an impor­tant role in this dis­ease.

Risk Factors

Women have a dou­ble chance to be iden­ti­fied with depres­sion, as com­pared to men. Also, there are high­er pos­si­bil­i­ties of devel­op­ing depres­sion if the indi­vid­ual is between the ages of 45–64, divorced, or non-white, and was unable to fin­ish high school, can­not work or is unem­ployed, and doesn’t pos­sess health insur­ance.

Some other risk factors for depression are:

What Is Depression l symptoms of depression l depression in children l depression in teens l the great depression

symptoms l in teens

1- Fac­ing stress­ful sit­u­a­tions in life, for exam­ple, issues in mar­i­tal life, los­ing a job, finan­cial chal­lenges, or some seri­ous health mat­ters. 2- Some spe­cif­ic per­son­al­i­ty traits, like feel­ing extreme­ly upset, in times of stress. 3- With not so good child­hood, for exam­ple, the one that involved some abuse, unhealthy rela­tion­ship with par­ents, or par­ents with their mar­i­tal prob­lems.

4- Also, with a pri­or fam­i­ly his­to­ry of this dis­ease, the indi­vid­ual has 3–4 times increased risk of get­ting depres­sion. All in all, depres­sion is much more com­mon than any­one may think, with almost 1 out of ten adults that can get depressed at some point, and around half of these indi­vid­u­als get­ting severe­ly. 

Depression usually begins in childhood

in teens

Major depres­sive dis­or­der (MDD) in chil­dren (5–12 years) is a con­fronting and seri­ous dis­or­der. Research­es have demon­strat­ed that most adult dis­or­ders have their ori­gins in child­hood, and most child­hood dis­or­ders have con­se­quences that per­sist in adult­hood. Addi­tion­al­ly, MDD that emerges in chil­dren aged 5–12 years can be sev­ered and lead to poor­er out­comes, com­pared with lat­er onset MDD. Depres­sion is a com­mon con­di­tion with up to 8% of all teenagers have met the cri­te­ria for depres­sion. In fact, by the age of 21 years, up to 14.8 % of indi­vid­u­als have met the cri­te­ria for a mood dis­or­der. Kathy Hogan­Bru­en, a Ph.D. and senior direc­tor for pre­vent­ing NMHA (Nation­al Men­tal Health Asso­ci­a­tion), explains that kids do expe­ri­ence men­tal health issues. Accord­ing to her, child­hood depres­sion is wide­spread and real but is also treat­able. Accord­ing to the Fed­er­al Cen­ter for Men­tal Health Ser­vices, depres­sion affects 1 in every thir­ty-three chil­dren and also 1 in 8 ado­les­cents. No one rea­son can cause depres­sion among chil­dren, accord­ing to NMHA’s cam­paign regard­ing men­tal health mat­ters. Usu­al­ly, a pri­or fam­i­ly his­to­ry of depres­sion, stress­ful events like divorce, los­ing one of the par­ents, or dis­crim­i­na­tion, and addi­tion­al psy­cho­log­i­cal and phys­i­cal issues can con­tribute towards this dis­ease. Chil­dren who expe­ri­enced chron­ic ill­ness were neglect­ed, abused, or faced oth­er trau­mas are also at an increased risk of devel­op­ing depres­sion. Accord­ing to David Fassler, a Psy­chi­a­try pro­fes­sor, depres­sion usu­al­ly occurs in the pres­ence of oth­er men­tal prob­lems in chil­dren such as bipo­lar, and anx­i­ety, or dis­rup­tive behav­iour­al dis­or­ders.

Ado­les­cents who get clin­i­cal­ly depressed fea­ture a greater risk of sub­stance abuse issues. Chil­dren who suf­fer from depres­sion are at greater risk of attempt­ing sui­cide. The sui­ci­dal rate has almost spiked three­fold among the young pop­u­la­tion since 1960. It is the 6th lead­ing cause for death for 5–14 aged chil­dren, 3rd lead­ing cause for death between the age of 15–24-year-old peo­ple, and 2nd lead­ing cause for death for col­lege stu­dents. Chil­dren, includ­ing tod­dlers and infants who are not at the age of express­ing them­selves like old­er chil­dren, might exhib­it the symp­toms of this dis­ease. Fassler says atten­tion should be giv­en in their case if the child is show­ing with­draw­ing signs, does not wish to play, smile, inter­act with oth­ers, or begins los­ing weight. The men­tal health experts con­cern­ing child­hood empha­size that the treat­ment for depres­sion in chil­dren is nor­mal­ly very suc­cess­ful. With the use of a mul­ti-pronged strat­e­gy for the child, fam­i­ly, or/and school coun­selling, also with anti­de­pres­sants, 75–80% of chil­dren with depres­sion can suc­cess­ful­ly over­come depres­sion, says Fassler. In the absence of treat­ment, many of them can expe­ri­ence anoth­er inci­dent of depres­sion in two years. Accord­ing to Fassler, chil­dren who unable to express them­selves as old­er chil­dren can also be treat­ed effec­tive­ly by play ther­a­py. Accord­ing to Kath­leen P. Hock­ey, who also expe­ri­enced depres­sion and is a licensed social work­er. Depres­sion in chil­dren can be avert­ed or min­i­mal­ly, its risk fac­tors can be reduced, in a sim­i­lar way, as the risk fac­tors of type 2 dia­betes or heart dis­ease can be reduced. Many of its risk fac­tors among chil­dren are most­ly envi­ron­men­tal and alter­able. Accord­ing to Hock­ey, if the num­ber of these risk fac­tors is reduced, the chances of a child suf­fer­ing from most types of clin­i­cal depres­sion will be low­ered.

Symptoms of Depression in various Ages

The signs and symp­toms of depres­sion do not appear like­wise in every per­son expe­ri­enc­ing this dis­ease. These can vary fair­ly from one to anoth­er, and par­tic­u­lar­ly among many age groups.

Children (5–12 years)

What Is Depression l symptoms of depression l depression in children l depression in teens l the great depression in teens Depres­sive dis­or­ders in child­hood, ado­les­cence and adult­hood are typ­i­cal­ly defined by the same under­ly­ing fea­tures: changes in mood, think­ing and activ­i­ty that are suf­fi­cient to cause impair­ment in per­son­al and social func­tion­ing. In chil­dren, how­ev­er, there are impor­tant dif­fer­ences, depend­ing on their devel­op­men­tal stage. Younger chil­dren tend not to look depressed. Chil­dren may deny feel­ing sad, but acknowl­edge feel­ing ‘down’ or ‘grumpy’. Chil­dren with depres­sion typ­i­cal­ly find it hard to say pos­i­tive things about them­selves and blame them­selves for dif­fi­cul­ties in their lives. Chil­dren are less like­ly to talk about sub­jec­tive feel­ings and more like­ly to present with somat­ic symp­toms (e.g. headache, abdom­i­nal and mus­cu­loskele­tal pain, fatigue). Chil­dren present more with mood labil­i­ty, irri­tabil­i­ty and tem­per tantrums rather than depressed mood. Lack of inter­est could be man­i­fest­ed as a loss of inter­est in plea­sur­able activ­i­ties as does not want to see friends. They may man­i­fest as sleep dis­tur­bances, con­cen­tra­tion dif­fi­cul­ties, or appetite dis­tur­bances. Motor affec­tion could be in the form of Mov­ing and walk­ing slow­ly, rest­less­ness. Cog­ni­tion affec­tion may reflect as guilt, fear of bad things going to hap­pen, being a bad per­son, hat­ing them­selves, think­ing no one loves them, neg­a­tive com­ments about them­selves Also, a lot of fac­tors can poten­tial­ly trig­ger depres­sion among chil­dren, such as domes­tic vio­lence, abuse, divorce, parental depres­sion, mov­ing to anoth­er school, and loss of a loved one. As dis­cussed above, depres­sion in chil­dren is treat­able. If you see your child is depressed and might require help, ask his school coun­sel­lor, or a pedi­a­tri­cian to refer him to a per­son spe­cial­ized with chil­dren. symptoms of depression l in children l in teens l the great 

Teens

While mood swings are quite nor­mal at the age of 12–18, but you should note such mood changes that stay longer for more than one or two weeks. Many life prob­lems that impact young chil­dren may lead to this dis­ease in teenagers as well. Depres­sion among teens can arise from stress­es to mature and suc­ceed, to fit in, hor­mon­al and sex­u­al­i­ty con­cerns, rejec­tion by peer group, and lack of sleep. The usu­al signs in them include issues at school, feel­ings of anger, worth­less­ness, and sen­si­tiv­i­ty, eat­ing or sleep­ing a lot, avoid­ing friends, self-harm­ing behav­iours, or drug abuse. A teen talk­ing about death or dying or giv­ing away favourite pas­sions, writ­ing good­bye let­ters, should def­i­nite­ly be tak­en seri­ous­ly by the par­ents. Teens may even tend to run away from home. If you assume such signs in your teen, you should ask him in a low-pres­sure man­ner and also take him to the doc­tor for check­ing if the symp­toms are due to a health prob­lem like hypothy­roidism. More­over, if not the case, the doc­tor may refer him to a ther­a­pist. Not all of the above-men­tioned symp­toms have to be present for a diag­no­sis of depres­sion. Symp­toms usu­al­ly occur on most days for at least two weeks.

Adults

in teens Young adults from 19–29 some­times suf­fer from depres­sion because of major trans­for­ma­tions in life, rela­tion­ship prob­lems, decreased sup­port in a new envi­ron­ment, trau­ma, work prob­lems, and much more.

Young adults from 19–29 some­times suf­fer from depres­sion because of major trans­for­ma­tions in life, rela­tion­ship prob­lems, decreased sup­port in a new envi­ron­ment, trau­ma, work prob­lems, and much more. Adults from 30–60 have much more going in their life that can stim­u­late depres­sion such as tak­ing care of chil­dren and also age­ing par­ents, rela­tion­ship and work issues, menopause, ill­ness­es, increased num­ber of respon­si­bil­i­ties, and finan­cial stress. Along with its stan­dard signs, some peo­ple may exhib­it alco­hol or drug abuse, anger, or abusive/violent behav­iour. Also in senior adults, depres­sion isn’t a norm that occurs with age, but is very com­mon, and is usu­al­ly left untreat­ed in them. Symp­toms at this age include anx­i­ety and sad­ness, fatigue, mood changes which do not let up, and trou­ble sleep­ing and focus­ing. Also, phys­i­cal pains and aches are often con­sid­ered symp­toms of depres­sion. Usu­al­ly, these senior adults devel­op depres­sion by deal­ing with reg­u­lar late-life prob­lems like social iso­la­tion, los­ing loved ones, finan­cial stress, health prob­lems, and med­ica­tions. Encour­age them to build a strong sup­port sys­tem, talk to their doc­tor regard­ing their symp­toms, and also pos­si­bly see a pro­fes­sion­al. Dr.Eman Sed­ky has med­ical­ly reviewed the arti­cle. 

symp­toms of depres­sion

Final Thought!

While there exists no cure for depres­sion, there occur many effec­tive treat­ments that can aid with recov­ery. Depres­sion can affect an indi­vid­ual at any age, from child­hood to old­er life. A lot of peo­ple, irre­spec­tive of age, who expe­ri­ence depres­sion can recov­er from it if they fol­low treat­ment prop­er­ly. The ear­li­er a treat­ment begins, the more suc­cess can be expect­ed from it. Par­ents should pay atten­tion to their children’s way of dai­ly activ­i­ties and can play an instru­men­tal role in their recov­ery by reduc­ing the poten­tial risk fac­tors that can trig­ger the devel­op­ment of depres­sion. 
error: Content is protected !!

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team. Furthermore, we will give a 15% discount on the next order from our shop after you sign up!

You have Successfully Subscribed!