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A UNESCO World Her­itage Site is a place (such as a for­est, moun­tain, lake, island, desert, mon­u­ment, build­ing, com­plex, or city) that is list­ed by the Unit­ed Nations Edu­ca­tion­al, Sci­en­tif­ic and Cul­tur­al Orga­ni­za­tion (UNESCO) as of spe­cial cul­tur­al or phys­i­cal sig­nif­i­cance (see list of World Her­itage Sites). The list is main­tained by the inter­na­tion­al World Her­itage Pro­gramme admin­is­tered by the UNESCO World Her­itage Com­mit­tee, com­posed of 21 UNESCO mem­ber states which are elect­ed by the Gen­er­al Assem­bly. The pro­gramme cat­a­logues, names, and con­serves sites of out­stand­ing cul­tur­al or nat­ur­al impor­tance to the com­mon her­itage of human­i­ty. Under cer­tain con­di­tions, list­ed sites can obtain funds from the World Her­itage Fund. The pro­gramme was found­ed with the Con­ven­tion Con­cern­ing the Pro­tec­tion of the World Cul­tur­al and Nat­ur­al Her­itage, which was adopt­ed by the Gen­er­al Con­fer­ence of UNESCO on 16 Novem­ber 1972. Since then, 191 states par­ties have rat­i­fied the Con­ven­tion, mak­ing it one of the most adhered to inter­na­tion­al instru­ments. Only Liecht­en­stein, Nau­ru, Soma­lia, South Sudan, Tim­or-Leste and Tuvalu are not Par­ty to the Con­ven­tion. As of 2002, 1007 sites are list­ed: 779 cul­tur­al, 197 nat­ur­al, and 31 mixed prop­er­ties, in 161 states par­ties. By sites ranked by coun­try, Italy is home to the great­est num­ber of World Her­itage Sites with 50 sites, fol­lowed by Chi­na (47), Spain (44), France (39), Ger­many (39), Mex­i­co (32) and India (32). UNESCO ref­er­ences each World Her­itage Site with an iden­ti­fi­ca­tion num­ber; how­ev­er, new inscrip­tions often include pre­vi­ous sites now list­ed as part of larg­er descrip­tions. As a result, the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion num­bers exceed 1,200 even though there are few­er on the list. While each World Her­itage Site remains part of the legal ter­ri­to­ry of the state where­in the site is locat­ed, UNESCO con­sid­ers it in the inter­est of the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty to pre­serve each site.