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In health care, self care is any nec­es­sary human reg­u­la­to­ry func­tion which is under indi­vid­ual con­trol, delib­er­ate and self-ini­ti­at­ed. Some place self care on a con­tin­u­um with health care providers at the oppo­site end to self care. In mod­ern med­i­cine, pre­ven­tive med­i­cine aligns most close­ly with self care. A lack of adher­ence to med­ical advice and men­tal ill­ness can make self care dif­fi­cult. Self care is seen as a par­tial solu­tion to the glob­al rise in health care costs placed on gov­ern­ments. The notion that self care is a fun­da­men­tal pil­lar of health and social care means it is an essen­tial com­po­nent of a mod­ern health care sys­tem gov­erned by bureacra­cy and leg­is­la­tion. Self care is the pri­ma­ry form of pri­ma­ry care due to ill­ness. Self-man­age­ment is crit­i­cal. Self care is learned, pur­pose­ful and is con­tin­u­ous. In phi­los­o­phy, self care refers to the care and cul­ti­va­tion of self in a com­pre­hen­sive sense, focus­ing in par­tic­u­lar on the soul and the knowl­edge of self.