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Grief is a mul­ti­fac­eted response to loss, par­tic­u­lar­ly to the loss of some­one or some­thing that has died, to which a bond or affec­tion was formed. Although con­ven­tion­al­ly focused on the emo­tion­al response to loss, it also has phys­i­cal, cog­ni­tive, behav­ioral, social, spir­i­tu­al, and philo­soph­i­cal dimen­sions. While the terms are often used inter­change­ably, bereave­ment refers to the state of loss, and grief is the reac­tion to loss, along with saudade. Grief is a nat­ur­al response to loss. It is the emo­tion­al suf­fer­ing one feels when some­thing or some­one the indi­vid­ual loves is tak­en away. Grief is also a reac­tion to any loss. The grief asso­ci­at­ed with death is famil­iar to most peo­ple, but indi­vid­u­als grieve in con­nec­tion with a vari­ety of loss­es through­out their lives, such as unem­ploy­ment, ill health or the end of a rela­tion­ship. Loss can be cat­e­go­rized as either phys­i­cal or abstract, the phys­i­cal loss being relat­ed to some­thing that the indi­vid­ual can touch or mea­sure, such as los­ing a spouse through death, while oth­er types of loss are abstract, and relate to aspects of a person’s social interactions.