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Hor­mones are the chem­i­cal mes­sen­gers in the body that trav­el the blood­stream to the organs and tis­sues. They work slow­ly, and affect many of the body’s process­es over time. Endocrine glands, which are spe­cial groups of cells, make hor­mones. There are many endocrine glands in the body with the main ones being the pitu­itary gland, thy­roid, thy­mus, adren­al glands, and the pan­creas. Hor­mones are dom­i­nant and it only requires a small amount of them to cause sig­nif­i­cant changes through­out the body. Both men and women pro­duce hor­mones in the same areas with one excep­tion, the sex­u­al organs. Addi­tion­al male hor­mones are pro­duced in the testes while wom­en’s are pro­duced in the ovaries. If hor­mone imbal­ance is left untreat­ed it can result in seri­ous med­ical con­di­tions like dia­betes. If the imbal­ance is tak­ing place in the pitu­itary glands, growth dis­or­ders are pos­si­ble and will require treat­ment of a growth hor­mone. It is pos­si­ble that the imbal­ance could also cause an over­pro­duc­tion of growth hor­mones and cause med­ical con­di­tions such as gigan­tism and acromegaly. There are approx­i­mate­ly 6,000 endocrine dis­or­ders that result because of hor­mone imbal­ance. An imbal­ance of hor­mones is expe­ri­enced at dif­fer­ent times dur­ing life. As the body changes from child­hood to adult­hood, puber­ty is expe­ri­enced by both male and females. Women will then again expe­ri­ence a change lat­er in life after their child­bear­ing years have been passed. Hor­mon­al imbal­ance is defined as chem­i­cal mes­sen­gers which reg­u­late our body’s sys­tems and that are no longer func­tion­ing prop­er­ly. This dys­func­tion can be an over­pro­duc­tion or an under­pro­duc­tion of spe­cif­ic hor­mones. The pri­ma­ry hor­mone that caus­es these changes is estrogen.