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The bio­phys­i­cal envi­ron­ment is the biot­ic and abi­ot­ic sur­round­ing of an organ­ism or pop­u­la­tion, and con­se­quent­ly includes the fac­tors that have an influ­ence in their sur­vival, devel­op­ment and evo­lu­tion. The bio­phys­i­cal envi­ron­ment can vary in scale from micro­scop­ic to glob­al in extent. It can also be sub­di­vid­ed accord­ing to its attrib­ut­es. Exam­ples include the marine envi­ron­ment, the atmos­pher­ic envi­ron­ment and the ter­res­tri­al envi­ron­ment. The num­ber of bio­phys­i­cal envi­ron­ments is count­less, giv­en that each liv­ing organ­ism has its own envi­ron­ment. The term envi­ron­ment is often used as a short form for the bio­phys­i­cal envi­ron­ment, e.g. the UK’s Envi­ron­ment Agency. The expres­sion “the envi­ron­ment” often refers to a sin­gu­lar glob­al envi­ron­ment in rela­tion to humanity.